Key concepts of Climate Literacy Essential Principle 5:
a. The components and processes of Earth's climate system are subject to the same physical laws as the rest of the universe.
b. Environmental observations are the foundation for understanding the climate system.
c. Observations, experiments, and theory are used to construct and refine computer models that represent the climate system and make predictions about its future behavior.
d. Our understanding of climate differs in important ways from our understanding of weather.
e. Scientists have conducted extensive research on the fundamental characteristics of the climate system and their understanding will continue to improve.
f. Through observations such as satellite monitoring, as well as theoretical studies and modeling, scientists have gained a solid understanding of the climate system.