Climate Science Academy

Accurate climate science information from leading climate scientists

Module G: Responses to Climate Change

Climate Literacy Essential Principle 7

Guiding Question

What can we do to alleviate and adapt to climate change?


Climate change will have consequences for the Earth system and human lives.

Preparing for climate impacts requires changes in policy, behavior, and society.  Minimizing future impacts by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and preparing for anticipated changes is the challenge of our time. While there is no one solution, there are many solutions that collectively can make a difference in response to climate change.

Learning & Teaching About Essential Principle 7 with the Climate Literacy & Energy Awareness Network (CLEAN)

Introduction to Climate Literacy Essential Principle 7 presented by Mark McCaffrey

Scientist Presentation

Lisa Dilling of CIRES describes possible geo-engineering approaches to mitigate the impacts of climate change. These ideas focus on reducing global warming by design via CO2 sequestration and solar radiation balance, which depend on cost and feasibility.

Webinar with an Expert

Steven Nerem of the Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research explains “What is happening in the bathtub? An overview of present-day sea level change.” How is sea level measured accurately? What will be the response of sea level in a warming climate?

Module G Quiz

Key concepts of Climate Literacy Essential Principle 7:

a. Melting of ice sheets and glaciers, combined with the thermal expansion of seawater as the oceans warm, is causing sea level to rise.

b. Climate plays an important role in the global distribution of freshwater resources.

c. Incidents of extreme weather are projected to increase as a result of climate change.

d. The chemistry of ocean water is changed by absorption of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

e. Ecosystems on land and in the ocean have been and will continue to be disturbed by climate change.

f. Human health and mortality rates will be affected to different degrees in specific regions of the world as a result of climate change.


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